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Babies Sleeping On Stomach


Study Confirms SIDS Risk for Babies Sleeping on Stomach

By HospiMedica staff writers
Posted on 21 Oct 2002

The most definitive study of its kind has shown that putting a baby to sleep on the stomach more than doubles the risk of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS). The study was published in the October 2002 issue of Pediatrics.

Researchers examined the records of 260 infants from the age of birth to one year who had died of SIDS in Chicago (IL, USA) between November 1993 and April 1996. Information on each infant was compared with information about a control infant from the same racial or ethnic group and with a similar birth weight. In the cases of SIDS, all had been reviewed by the medical examiner and autopsies had been conducted to rule out other causes of death. The study found that African American infants, who accounted for 75% of those with SIDS, have about twice the risk of SIDS as other infants, due to the fact that 58% are put to sleep on their stomach, compared to only 12% for other groups.

In prior studies, the SIDS cases had sometimes been evaluated under a number of different standards. In the current study, researchers used standard criteria for evaluating all potential SIDS deaths. In 1992, the American Academy of Pediatrics recommended that infants not be placed to sleep on their stomachs, based on studies of infants in New Zealand, Australia, and the United Kingdom.

"This is the largest, most comprehensive support for the American Academy of Pediatrics' 1992 and 1996 recommendations that infants be placed to sleep on their backs to reduce the risk of SIDS,” said Duane Alexander, M.D., director of the US National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD), one of the study's supporters. "Other studies have linked sleeping on the stomach with sudden infant death syndrome, but the Chicago Infant Mortality Study makes the strongest case to date.”

Source

http://www.hospimedica.com


Related:

Why Do Babies Sleep So Much?


Why Do Babies Sleep So Much - Many new parents worry about their baby's sleep patterns. How much sleep is enough can expect a healthy baby need during the first months of life? Is there a point when parents should be concerned about the baby sleeping too much? The fact is that the baby is sleeping and it is normal. Here are some facts about babies and sleep can help to put your mind comfortable first-time parents.

The reality is that newborns sleep. In fact, newborns sleep a lot. While the baby's sleep patterns may not gel with the sleep patterns of the parents, there is no cause for alarm if the baby slept through most of the night and still sleep a lot during the day. Even if the baby is sleeping reach up to twenty hours per day, with short periods of time awake scattered across time, there is no reason for alarm.

One of the reasons behind what appears to be excessive sleeping baby 'is the fact that the baby is still adjusting to the new environment, and having a bit faster growth at the same time. Many sleep for babies early is a good thing. Proper development requires that babies sleep a lot. Growth hormone is released by the pituitary gland at a faster rate when the baby is sleeping.

As any experienced parent can attest, the first five months of a baby's life are characterized by rapid growth. It is not uncommon for babies to double their weight by the time the child has reached the age of five months. After that time, the growth will continue at a steady pace, but will start to slow down a bit over the next few months. Newborn babies sleep disturbed by waking up for food and attention now and then is normal during this time, and should be regarded as a sign of a normal infant health.

There are new parents who are concerned that excessive sleep on the part of their infants showed some deficiencies in parenting skills. This is not the case at all. As long as parents make sure the baby in a comfortable, well fed, kept clean, and held close during intermittent periods of wakefulness, there is no shortage of that happening at all. Babies sleep because they need it, not to escape the parents are negligent or inadequate in some way. Of course, as the age of the child, the parents will play a more active role in helping children to develop sleep patterns corresponding to the rest of the household. But it will come from time to time and should not be regarded as a sign that the parents failed to do a good job.


Babies sleep so much because it is part of the natural order of things. Do not worry that your child wakes up in the middle of the night because he was sleeping too much during the day. Babies have their own internal clocks that do not operate on the conventions of society. Let the baby sleep during their first month that very important for the normal development and do not worry about the baby getting too much sleep. In this case, the baby knows best.


Related:

16 Things To Help You Sleep: Help You Sleep Better & Feel More Rested


Things To Help You Sleep - Sleep function for the rest of the body and mind after you do a lot of activities throughout the day. You will feel refreshed upon waking. However, many people claim that they have a lack of sleep because of a lot of work and unable to sleep quickly. Many things affect the quality of sleep as sleep habits, sleep schedules and daily lifestyle. Research shows that not getting enough sleep can cause weight gain, heart disease, sadness for no reason, and low immunity to disease. 

Therefore, you should have enough sleep so that you can move smoothly to the next day.
Good night's sleep is important for your health, both mental and physical. In order to have the energy that you need, and mental calm, you should get a good night's sleep. There is no miracle cure for everyone, but, before you resort to sex or alcohol, here are ten things to help you sleep like a baby that you can try this evening.

Things To Help You Sleep # 1. Warm Milk

Although it does not sound very appetizing, drink a glass of warm milk before bed really quick and easy way to get to sleep. Warm milk two things, first, the milk has tryptophan in it which is a natural sleep aid, and secondly, warmth, combined with the thickness of the milk, coat your stomach so you feel full. Perhaps the oldest trick in the book to sleep.

Things To Help You Sleep # 2. Turkey Sandwich

Speaking tryptophan, if you do not drink a lot of milk (lactose intolerant or) try to eat a turkey sandwich before you go to bed. Turkey also has a tryptophan (which is why we always feel tired after Thanksgiving dinner), and sandwiches will soothe and relax you before bed.

Things To Help You Sleep # 3. Day Walk

One of the reasons I find myself restless at night because I really do not go out enough during the day. Of course, my work, but it's not a relaxing way to release excess energy. Went for a walk everyday, or do something that you enjoy at least twice a week, not only will help burn energy so that you rest better, also will keep you strong mental health. You have to get out and enjoy life. If you are not a lot of walking, then take meditation or yoga. If they do not appeal to you, join a softball team or take swimming lessons.


Things To Help You Sleep # 4. Pillow Comfortable

I can not say how important it is to have a comfortable pillow on your bed. I added two new pillows for the bed recently and now when I sleep, I fell asleep faster and then sleep much heavier than before. Your bed should be comfortable. After all, you can not relax if you are not comfortable.

Things To Help You Sleep # 5. To Do List

One of the reasons I kept waking up at night because my brain is still going on about all my stress. How will I pay the bills this month, I wash jeans for tomorrow, what would I do with the rest of my life?

Sometimes, not even a big problem that kept me awake, sometimes it's just a pile-up of all the little things. Therefore, I have started making dinner to-do list. Before I go to sleep, I list all the things I have to do tomorrow (or the rest of the week). That way, I already have it planned and did not have to stay up all night wondering if I will ever finish it.

Things To Help You Sleep # 6. Fan

One of the main reasons many people can not sleep at night because it was too quiet. If someone your'e used to noise, then buy a fan for your room can certainly help you sleep like a baby. White noise, or a soft background noise, often adding a sense of comfort and help you fall asleep. Although I'm usually one of those who prefer silence, I find that I sleep better sometimes with the TV on.

Things To Help You Sleep # 7. Night Light / Pitch Black

There are two types of people in the world: Those who need a night light, and those who need complete darkness to sleep. I vary. If I had read or watch something scary, or if my mind would not let me relax, so I need a night light, however, if I feel fine,, but exhausted, then I want to pitch black.
Play around with the lighting in your room. Right light will help you sleep like a baby.

Things To Help You Sleep # 8. Close the drawer and door

I know it may seem like a silly idea, but sometimes small things tend to drive us crazy. Is your bedroom a mess? Are cupboards and drawers filled with clothes to the point you can not close them?
If so, then you need to organize your bedroom and close the drawers and doors. One thing about the bedroom is that it is your sanctuary. This is one place you can go to relax, be yourself, and feel comfortable. To be comfortable, however, it must be neat and organized. Trust me, once you get the drawer is closed, you will sleep soundly.

Things To Help You Sleep # 9. Soft Music

White noise is not for everyone, but sometimes we need a little mental disorders to gain peace within ourselves. One thing you can try is turning on classical music radio. Classical music reminds us of bedtime we heard as a child, and sometimes it is easier for us to fall asleep like that as adults as well.
If the music is too much, try to sound natural. I know a lot of people who listen to the songs of whales or falling rain. For me, the rain fell just makes me get up to urinate in the middle of the night, but, sometimes severe thunderstorm voice makes me sleep like a baby. Try a few different things for yourself.


Things To Help You Sleep # 10. Something to Cuddle

I'll admit it, I do not like to sleep alone. It took a very long time after my ex to be able to fall asleep again. Even now I have trouble sleeping without feeling like something was holding me. What I have learned to do is to put two pillows together in a V shape upside down. I lie in V with a pillow pressed my back as I hugged the other pillow. If you cuddler a, this trick works wonders to help you sleep like a baby.

Things To Help You Sleep # 11. Relaxation

Feeling relaxed and in control is very important for a good night's sleep. Therefore you have to aim, aim to fill the hour-or-so before bed with activities that allow you to 'switch off' and wind down before heading to bed. In a relaxed state you will be more likely for a seamless transition from awake in bed.

Things To Help You Sleep # 12. A Regular Sleep Schedule

It will make you sleep at the same time every night. Maybe you will find it hard at first, but the longer you will get used to sleep on time. These habits will improve the quality of sleep you get better.

Things To Help You Sleep # 13. Do Not Receive A Phone Call Before Bed

You can turn off the phone 30 minutes before bedtime. Receiving a phone call before bed makes it difficult to sleep because you will lose sleepy.

Things To Help You Sleep # 14. Reduce Caffeine

Caffeine is a substance that keeps you awake, and can disrupt sleep patterns. You must reduce to not drink coffee before bed.

Things To Help You Sleep # 15. Do Not Smoke

Nicotine also can disrupt your sleep patterns so you should avoid it by not smoking before bed.

Things To Help You Sleep # 16. Do Not Go To Bed Hungry


Empty stomach will make you difficult to sleep. Of course, you can not sleep with stomach rumbling with hunger. Consume in moderation.


Read also:

Baby Sleep Chart: Sleeping Hours by Age


Baby Sleep Chart - How much sleep your baby needs? When your child will sleep through the night? How many naps normal now? Check the sleep guide age-by-age us.

Here's a rough estimate as to how many babies or children should sleep, but remember that all children are different, and some may need a little more or less than others.

2 Months Newborn Sleep Tips
  • Newborns sleep at 2 to 4 hour intervals, up to eat.
  • Babies of this age tend to stir and looked restless during sleep. Because they can not control reflex, it is common to see them twitch their hands and feet, smiling and making sucking sounds.
  • Newborn babies are born not know how to soothe themselves to sleep, so you may need to help, with tricks like using pacifiers, swaddling, rocking and feeding. Remember, there is no such thing as spoiling a newborn, so it is okay to hug a baby to help him fall asleep.


2-4 Months Sleeping Tips
  • Babies this age can sleep for six hours stretches at night, and settled into more than one set schedule a nap now.
  • To get the baby a good sleep routine, be sure to play and expose him to a lot of sunlight during the day and avoid over-stimulating when it's dark.
  • Start a bedtime routine before bed - such as bathing, eating, story time - can help the baby is ready to sleep through the night to stretch again.


4-6 Months Sleeping Tips
  • Babies of this age will begin to stop breastfeeding night, and usually ready to sleep at night now, anywhere from six to 12-hour stretches.
  • Research shows about 60 percent of babies sleep through 6 months, up to 80 percent do so with 9 months.
  • Remember, all babies wake up sometimes at night, but they were "sleeping through" have learned how to nod his own.


6-12 Months Sleep Tips
  • Some babies stopped sleeping through the night now because of separation anxiety. You know your baby around even when he can not see you, and perhaps angry when he woke up.
  • It's okay to go in and check your baby's crying, but still short visit and try (as hard as it is) not to pick him or feed him. Try to rub his back, singing lullabies soothe and ducked out after a few minutes.


1-2 Year Sleep Tips
  • Active toddlers may have difficulty relaxing and winding down at night - which causes sleeping battle. Try to keep things as quiet as possible at night, sticking calming activities such as bathing and story time.
  • Once the baby is learning to get out of bed, he might try to curl up in bed with you. This is a difficult habit-break, so if you do not want to start a co-sleeping situation, bring it back to her own room.


2-5 Year Sleep Tips
  • Toddlers and preschoolers sleep problems including delaying and refusing to sleep, get out of a big-kid bed when they wake up in the night, and develop fear the night.
  • Stick to a bedtime routine and sleep schedule, make sure your children understand the rules and be consistent about enforcing them.
  • Using a nightlight or affection can entertain children who tend to fear the dark or having nightmares.


Sleeping Years 5-12 Tips
  • PR, packed social schedule and computer and TV time tends to be pushed back to sleep.
  • Cut back on soda or other packaged beverages caffeine, as well as reducing watch TV before bed can help.
  • Children with sleep-friendly bedroom - a dark, cool and quiet, with no TV or computer - tend to sleep better than a lot of distractions.

Related

Sleep Sacks For Babies: How Warmly Should You Dress Your Baby For Winter Sleep?


Sleep Sacks For Babies - Given that getting pretty darn cold out today (many of us in the US have experienced colder than normal temperatures, due to the winter storm Cleon), we thought it would be appropriate to bring you articles about dressing your baby to sleep in the winter. How warm your baby should be at night? Let's see!

Do not Dress Your Baby Too Warm

It is a safe bet that most caring, loving parents (and we know it's just what you are!) More in danger of wearing their clothes too baby to sleep, rather than underdressing them, because we are worried about our baby feels cold.

But remember, the baby is too warm will not sleep well (as you may not sleep well if you feel too hot). In fact, toddlers and preschoolers are too warm at night may be more likely to have nightmares or night terrors. So avoid the desire to accumulate on the fur, because it can make your baby too warm.

In fact, the ideal sleeping temperature for most children and adults is a little on the cool side - right around 68 degrees Fahrenheit (20 degrees Celsius). Not sure if your baby is too hot or too cold? Does a 'skin checks' - your child's skin should be comfortable to the touch and even a little cold (but not cold / cold.)

Dressing Your Baby To Sleep

Here are some general guidelines for what a baby to sleep in at different ages, but you have to use your best judgment based on where you live, how hot / cold you keep the temperature in your house while your baby is sleeping, and preferences of your baby (some will be more choose to be warmer than others), and several other factors. This is just a guide, and you know your baby best.

For newborns

For newborn babies wrapped, Nicole recommend onesie under light bed-and-play clothing (long sleeves in winter). In summer, you may be able to skip the clothing feet or socks, but in the winter, you might want to keep them in. If your baby is no longer wrapped, read the 'Baby' below.

Then, on top of this, you can swaddle your baby snuggly in a light cotton blanket. Make sure that you are comfortable enough that swaddle your baby can not kick the covers loose, but not so tight that he could not move his legs and breathe comfortably.

For Baby

Once your baby has grown a bit and you try to stop swaddling your baby, you can dress your baby just like a newborn baby, but then consider the sleep sack, not the diaper. It provides warmth without suffocation hazard associated with loose blankets.


Related:

Help For Pregnant Women


Help For Pregnant Women - Maternal relationship with her unborn child is a paradox. Two bodies in one, one inside the other. Symbiotic relationship with the mother as the child's life force. Inevitably, the mother pulled into union with other beings, who really takes himself. It is a time of change, spiritual and physical. The mother's body will never again be the same as before. And will not mind. The "silver chain" that bind him to her baby would never break up.

This is the time when the fact and fantasy play together. As a woman's body to change to accommodate the new life, she imagined her son brought. When a child is born he had to let go of the fantasy baby. Real and tangible change.

The conception - real and symbolic changes

Circumstances of conception, of course, plays an important role in how women will enjoy the pregnancy. It may come as a surprise, or be the fulfillment of a childhood dream. It may feel like an invasion of its existence, or as a beautiful gift that fills the void sick. This is probably the first pregnancy, or extension of the family, the first pregnancy with a new partner, or "substitute" a baby after a miscarriage or loss previously. Maybe the sequel to "one night stand" or the result of rape. This may be due to miss-for fertility treatment.

The woman may have been planning a pregnancy, in an attempt to undo the past, or re-framing the future. He may have become pregnant to please others, or to beat the biological clock, or an attempt to repair the marriage relationship. Perhaps pure, creative impulse, or the results to feel "special". He may have a regular partner, or he may not. Whatever the background of pregnancy, the impact is very large, physical, psychological, social and spiritual.

New Body, New Self

No longer could he call his own; he is another curator, creator of a new life. Its existence has been taken over. Amazing and scary, limit liability with each passing day the freedom of choice. The baby was omni-present, which affects the biological and spiritual beings at every level - what he eats, his mind, his, all his activities ... A new identity in all respects.

And with a new identity, women themselves born again. New fear and anxiety triggered, many of them derived from the pre-verbal experience itself. And with this, inevitably, concerns about fetal well-being and perfection, and concerns about the birth experience, about doing it right, about being a good enough mother.


Emotional and physical, women changed as hormones and other body functions to adapt to the pressure of pregnancy. He may or may not be in good health, or have an "easy" pregnancy. Of course, he will feel tired, and often uncomfortable, and become what psychologists call "emotionally unstable", her mood swung from tears of laughter, of strong feelings and control for very needy and dependent.

As the baby grows, his body and change his appearance, even balance and different hair. He may have a good heralded the "light" of pregnancy, or he may not. Each trimester brings challenges and benefits characteristics, nausea, fatigue and emotion, feel the magic of the first flutterings life, stabbing discomfort in the ribs and woke up at night, slow, inevitable step toward recognizing a separate baby.

And the relationship changed, because she was joining the "in" group of women who have given birth. She and her partner are pregnant; they mature, must accommodate the new role. Their sex life will be different, and will continue to be so for some time after the baby is born. (It is quite possible that the sexual relationship would be "back to normal" six weeks after the baby is born, regardless of popular myth may take many months before the mother feels that her libido like that before,. New Dad may take a while before he felt comfortable with "parenting partner" it.)

Other women treat pregnant women differently. If he is the first of my friends to get pregnant, may isolate themselves to a certain extent. He entered a new level of relationship with her own parents, no longer just a, although adult, child / children. If the parents are dead or far away, it is likely that he will miss them very current. He is very vulnerable.

Susceptibility

In a deep, subconscious level, it seems, the memory footprint woke primitive experience, it is often impossible to explain logically, and surface in dreams and memories incomplete. Awareness spiritual life force, from the beginning and the end of life, what we are in this world, of what the future holds, what religious beliefs and our philosophy tells us - all of this is triggered during pregnancy. And this reacts on us as we deal with other people in our daily lives, whether we are aware of it. Once again, our relationships with friends, partners and parents affected by our differentness.

Psychological problems tender touch: feelings about body image can resonate on grounds of experience eating disorders, for example. Primitive, infantile fears or memories left behind often reappear today. The needs of pregnant women, more than ever, feel safe and secure and supported by those around him.


He would have dreams about this baby, imagining how it would look, what talent it would have, worry, maybe about the possibility that it will not be perfect. More than anything, she would want to be the best mother in the world. To do it right. Even at this stage, the fear of making mistakes and guilt result will probably haunt pregnant women. No wonder she felt fragile at times. No matter how happy she is pregnant, she will also be afraid: it's part of the paradox.

Case History:

For 90% of women, pregnancy is a time of hope hope, joy, and preparation for the birth of a new member of the family.

"When I found out I was pregnant then, I just could not believe it. From the time I was a kid, all I wanted was my own baby. While my friends scrapbooks assembly horse, gymnast and Princess Diana, I collect photos of babies . I love my husband. We have a beautiful home, enough money. We are ready to have a family.

I expect the dreaded morning sickness, and it did not come. Only at night, when I was preparing dinner, I sometimes feel a touch of nausea. In addition, I felt fine physically, but to feel tired a lot of time. Why, then, was I not happy? Why do I wake up in the wee small hours, stiff with panic? Why do I feel scared and upset when my husband called to say he had to work late at the office? Or did stop for a short visit to his mother? Or go, as usual, to play golf on Sunday morning? Why, after so many years without him, I miss my mom? (He died when I was fifteen, after, long painful illness.)

"It's just my hormones. I do not have to feel like this. I have to normal. I feel very ashamed .... Better not tell anyone".

I lost my appetite, but the baby grows. I worry that my gynecologist did not get quite heavy. I was still tired, but could not sleep. I lay awake, worried that the baby might have something wrong with it; that my husband would leave me; that he had an affair; that he does not love me, now I lost my figure. He can do anything right, no matter how he tried to please me. I was angry, and pulled, and feeling low, low, low.

I know that it's not meant to feel like this. Why am I being punished? I pray, but no one heard me. I went through the motions of doing what I need to do. I feel like a robot. And I cried. I cried for myself, and for my baby. Poor little baby. It does not deserve a mother like me. "

What are the facts?

It is estimated that at least one out of ten women victims of ante-natal, ante partum or depression. If depression during pregnancy is very common, why not talk about? Popular view, as we all know, is that it is time for the fulfillment of a woman, the preparation for the "happy event". And so for many of us; but for the unfortunate one-in-ten, it could be one of the most disappointing experiences of his life.

Who is vulnerable to ante-natal depression?



Opinions were divided, but it seems that many factors interact.
  • Unplanned pregnancy obviously full of potential difficulties. The timing may be wrong; Women may be at a critical point in his career.
  • This couple may not make a permanent long-term commitment, to each other.
  • The woman may feel too young, or too old, to start a family.
  • Pregnancy may be too fast in a marriage, or too late.
  • Pregnancy may be the result of unwanted sexual intercourse, even rape.
  • The woman may feel acute ambivalent about whether or not she wants a baby. He may have agreed to become pregnant as a result of pressure from other people.
  • The woman probably was not happy with the feeling of being out of control her life, now that she is pregnant.
  • Physical and emotional stress and complications during pregnancy, such as poor health, multiple pregnancy, disease, can cause trouble.
  • Previous or concurrent called "negative life events", such as death, miscarriage, termination or miscarriage will tend to have an impact on the emotional well-being of women.
  • Factors socio-economic, such as financial stress, threat, or actual, unemployment, inadequate housing clearly affect the state of mind of pregnant women.
  • Lack of emotional support from others, especially the father of the baby, and the woman's biological family 'will add to its current vulnerability.
  • A history of depression, psychological problems, eating disorders, or harassment.


What have to do?
  • Stay close to the people who are supportive, sensitive and critical.
  • Keep communication open and friendly with your partner - if needs be, have some marriage / couples counseling.
  • Informed well.
  • Know that even the best birth plan may not come to fruition; that it does not mean you are a failure if things work differently.
  • Try not to make major changes in your life at this time - the baby will be quite a challenge. Do not move house, get a new pet, doing major renovations, etc.
  • If you feel very anxious or depressed most of the time, do not just tell yourself that he would go, even though it may be. Talking to someone about it: your gynecologist, childbirth educator, GP, your spouse, mother or a trusted friend. We also can help you - PNDSA. (The Postnatal Depression Support Association).
  • Know that 1 in 10 pregnant women suffer from Ante-natal depression. It is not his fault.
  • Know that interventions for Ante-natal depression will help avoid the debilitating, long-lasting negative effects of Postnatal Depression, which would have a negative impact on the woman, her partner and her baby.

Related:

Newborn Kitten Care: Caring for a Newborn Kitten


Newborn Kitten Care - During the first few weeks of life, the main concern kittens are eating, keeping warm, develop social skills and learn how to remove yourself. In most cases, people would just watch the mother cat to do its job. However, if the cat in your care has been separated from the mother or if the mother cat had refused young or can not produce enough milk, taking care of him is up to you.

How Do I Feed a Newborn Kitten?

Mother cat milk provides all the kittens need during the first four weeks of life. If you have kittens newborn who had been separated from their mothers, consult with veterinarians, shelters or foster experienced provider that can help you find a new mother cat with her little trash-can probably take care of orphaned baby. If you can not find a foster mother, please consult with your veterinarian about the proper way to milk bottle with commercial substitutes. Please do not offer regular cow's milk for cats of all ages. It is not easy to digest and can cause diarrhea.

What Kittens Eat In addition to Milk?

When the kittens are orphaned aged three to four weeks, began offering milk substitute in a shallow bowl, then introduce moist, easy to chew diet. You can create a slurry of warm milk substitute and high quality dry or canned cat food. Serve in shallow bowls and feeding the kittens several times each day. With five weeks old, they have to get used to their new diet. With six to seven weeks, they should be able to chew dry food and you will no longer need to moisten.

Kittens need a large number of energy-about two to three times that of an adult cat. Approximately 30 percent of the total energy that can be derived from protein. Make sure you offer food specifically formulated for kittens.

How Often Should Kitten Eating?

Here is a general meal schedule for newborns and young cats: 
  1. Newborn kittens can breastfeed every 1-2 hours.
  2. At the age of about three to four weeks, they can be offered in lieu of a bowl of milk and a small amount of wet cat food it 4-6 times a day.
  3. Kittens from six to 12 weeks should be fed four times a day gradually you reduce their access to milk substitutes.
  4. Kittens from three to six months should be fed three times a day.


How Do I Keep Warm Newborn Kitten?

If you have cats in the care of orphans, it is important that you keep the young one warm. A heating pad or hot water bottle wrapped in a towel works well. The heat source must be positioned so that kittens can move away from it at will. Please consult with your veterinarian about the ideal temperature, and do not be careful to monitor the heating pad, if you use one, to make sure it is functioning properly.

How Much Should a Newborn Kitten Weigh?

The average birth weight for the kitten is about 3 1/2 ounces, depending on the type and litter size. During the first weeks of life, the weight of kittens may be two or even three times. Get 1/4 to half an ounce each day until they are weaned considered healthy. Kittens are not adding enough weight during this early period may not survive.

Can I Hold Kitten it?

Kitten with a mother who does not over-handled, especially during the first weeks of their lives-this may upset the mother. If the cat in your care are younger than one week old, please consult with your veterinarian. In order to properly socialize a young cats to humans, began to handle him from second through seventh week this week is considered as an important time for socialization.

Please note, kittens prone to injury if handled roughly-anyone who is dealing with small children in your care will have to be very gentle. Younger children in particular should be monitored.

How do I Teach Kitten Go Bathroom?

After the meal, the mother cat will groom the babies, giving special attention to the anal area. This stimulates excretion, which cats can not do themselves until their second or third week. If your cat is no longer with her mother, dip a soft cloth or piece of gauze in warm water and gently massage anal and urinary area. Warmth, texture and movement mimics the cat's mother tongue.


When the kittens are four weeks old, you can teach them to use the litter box to put them in the box after eating them. Cutting one side will allow the kittens to get in and out.


Read also:

Why Do Babies Fight Sleep?


Why Do Babies Fight Sleep - It is well known that babies cry before bed. Sometimes shouts have specific origins that cause pain or discomfort. But as everyone knows, even when all of these factors have been eliminated every baby still seems to cry in an attempt to fight the sleep itself. This question is not asking for a solution. It is a scientific question.

I asked why? Why do they fight sleep? Is there a survival advantage? Is there a physiological explanation? What research has been done into it to determine the reason for the "fight sleep"? Could it be a good cry before bed actually has physiological results confers survival advantage? Whether it is "preparing" the respiratory pathway baby before bed, for example? Are there some meta-analyzes or epidemiological factors that can be done to examine this hypothesis? Are babies who die of SIDS those who do not cry as much as before bed? Is there any epidemiological data to test these ideas?
We all love our little children too much to say but we also feel frustrated with them, especially when they are not going to take a nap and you know they are tired.

Sometimes it's even more annoying when you finally get them to sleep and they wake up within 10 minutes (either because something woke them or they built themselves. Why some days your baby will just go straight to bed without fuss, and other times they just do not want to put down? And why some babies against sleeping in the day but not at night or vice versa?

Well 'Secrets of Baby Behavior' has suggested the following:

It is estimated that the baby has 6 different states or moods: crying, irritability, quiet alert, drowsy, active sleep and quiet sleep and depending on their mood or state, will have more or less drift problem.

Babies are constantly learning and really want to know that she wanted to take everything in; they see your face, expression, movement and listening to the sound, the sound and feeling of new textures. We do not always remember how many babies take in every day and some babies just want to keep learning so fight sleep with all they have.

The sciency bits says that when the child is stimulated, their body releases chemicals to stimulate their brains and if we try and put them to sleep while they are aroused, they really could fight. It's like when we have a lot of our mind and you can not fall asleep. Some babies will process these chemicals faster than others so it really can only rely on your baby.

So, 'Secrets of Baby Behavior' recommend a few things to help with the baby irritation before nap.

1. Do not over stimulate your baby before nap time time / bed. (This seems pretty obvious, but we really have to think about what is regarded as stimulating)
2. Avoid caffeine if you are breastfeeding your baby
3. Slow down your play activity about 40 minutes before naptime. Do not try and ban them to do a lot with them before bed.
4. Have a routine. This could mean reading a book before nap or sit somewhere quiet and singing quietly.
5. Sometimes the white noise can be the answer - I know when Isabella little hoover will send him to sleep.


Related:

Co-Sleeping With Baby: Bed Sharing Safely With Your Toddler


Co-Sleeping With Baby - Sleep in the same bed with your baby called co-sleeping or bed sharing. One way to get more rest is to co-sleep with your baby in bed, for part of the night or during the day. One advantage is that it is possible to let your baby breastfeed while you dose or sleep. Approximately half of all mothers UK co-sleep with their babies at some time.

Some experts believe that parents should be advised against co-sleeping because a greater proportion of Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS or cot death) occurred in the parents' bed. Another suggests that the risks associated with co-sleeping very much reduced if not old smoke and may be ignored if they avoid drinking alcohol, taking drugs or fall asleep with the baby on the couch.

Co-sleep safely

Department of Health suggest that sleep-sharing should be avoided if one or both parents:
  • Is a smoker.
  • Have consumed alcohol.
  • Has been taking drugs, prescription or otherwise, affecting the perception, cause drowsiness or affect the depth of sleep.
  • Was too tired to the point that it may affect the ability to respond to the baby.
  • Risk is also increased co-sleeping if your baby:
  • Born premature (37 weeks or less).
  • Have a low birth weight (less than 2.5kg or 5.5 pounds).
  • Have a fever or signs of disease.


If you decide to co-sleep, you need to:
  • Make sure your baby can not fall out of bed.
  • Keep your baby cool by using sheets and blankets rather than a duvet.
  • Always put babies to sleep on their backs rather than the front or side.
  • If he is in a cottage, make sure he can not squirm under the covers by putting him in 'feet to foot position with his feet on the bottom of the bed, rather than head on top.
  • Do not use pillows - babies do not need a pillow until they are one year old.
  • Do not take the risk of falling asleep with your baby on a sofa or chair.


Women who are breastfeeding and co-sleeping generally have a 'c' shape around their baby so that it is protected from the pillow or blanket covering his face. Many parents who regularly sleep with their baby on the bed and the most important thing is to do it the safest way possible.


Bed-sharing: things to think about

Many parents who share a bed with their baby - also called co-sleeping - believe it helps their baby feel safe and secure. They liked the close physical contact, feel that it is beneficial and satisfying, and believe it is good for their relationship with their babies. Some parents also bed-share because they find it more practical. Breastfeeding at night could be easier - hungry baby can be fed then settled back to sleep quickly.

The researchers agree that babies who sleep near their mothers are more likely to breastfeed successfully and continue to breastfeed longer. For this reason, those who believe in co-sleeping find it worth making the adjustments necessary to learn to sleep with small children. But sharing a bed with your baby is a complex problem involving many factors. There is currently not enough evidence for or against bed-sharing.

Guidelines for co-sleeping

The usual recommendation applies to safe sleep for babies who share a bed of their parents:

  • Place your baby on her back to sleep (never in the stomach or side).
  • Make sure the head covered while sleeping.
  • Maintain a smoke-free sleep environment.
  • Here are some simple additional safety precautions for co-sleeping. 
  • This will reduce the likelihood of SIDS or sleep fatal accidents.
  • Do not sleep with your baby on a sofa. This is very dangerous, because your baby could get caught between you and the pillow and can suffocate.
  • Make sure your bed is firm. Do not use a water bed, or anything else under the soft (eg, sheep wool underlying).
  • Use a light blanket, no heavy blankets or doonas.
  • Make sure that the bed can not cover your baby's head.
  • Do not use a pillow.
  • A baby sleeping bag can be used as a substitute for the bed, so that your baby does not share an adult bed.
  • Put your baby in addition to one of the parents, not the parents, so there is little chance he will slip under the bed.
  • Put your baby in which he can not fall out of bed, but not against a pillow or wall. Infants can suffocate under the pillow and died after becoming trapped between the bed and the wall. A safer alternative is to place the mattress on the floor.
  • A 'side of the boxcar' attached to your bed to provide separate sleeping surface while remaining close to breastfeed your baby.

Related:

How To Get A Baby To Sleep Through The Night


How To Get A Baby To Sleep Through The Night - For parents who exhausted everywhere, babies can be divided into two categories: sleepers and non-sleepers. After 8 months of waking up at all hours of the night, one thing is very clear to me: I am not, by imagination, has a sleeper. Working in Education.com, I have some of the best experts in the world are willing to take my phone calls. So I decided to bring in the big guns, two teachers who make a living as a parent to teach me how to get the baby to sleep through the night. I am a few days now, and very pretty, it worked.

First, some background. I met teachers sleep, Noelle Cochran, PsyD and catfish Diamond, MFT, both specialists in infant and toddler mental health and development of children, because I'm writing a story about preschoolers and kindergarteners who refused to stay in bed. They practiced the Bay Area called Symbio but parents from all over the country come to them for help ... especially with sleep.

When I decided I finished up several times a night, I know they are the ones to go to for advice. What I do not know, it's how things can change quickly. In just a few days, my baby away from waking up 4-5 times a night, to sleep from 7 pm 05:15.

What do they suggest I do to get my baby to sleep works very fast, and very dramatic, that it would simply mean not to share. Here, with their consent, is what they told me:

9 Things You Need to Know to Get Baby to Sleep While Night

1. Understand why what you do is important.

Listening to a baby cry is very difficult for most parents. Cochran and Diamond emphasize, though, that the process of training the baby to sleep through the night is not a selfish effort. True, many parents try because they plum fatigue. But what really happens is the passing of the torch. "It's the transition between you soothe him with pick him up and learn how to calm himself." Cochran says.

2. Laying the foundation for success.

Specify the starting date and mark it on the calendar so that you will be committed to it. If you do this with a partner decide in advance who will go on to the baby in the middle of the night. Plan it out ahead of time, so you do not try to decide what to do at 03:00, when you are tired.


3. Close the kitchen and choose the verge of sleep.

If your child is older than 6 months and you still eat it a couple of times per night, it's time to close the kitchen. "Yes," said Diamond, "He will be hungry for one or two nights, but his body will adjust and he will learn to get her more calories during the day." Cochran and Diamond do not recommend going cold turkey. Instead, they recommend phasing out the feedings. "Choose a time in the middle of the night, for example, midnight, and committed to the fact that before the middle of the night you will not eat you your child when she was crying," said Diamond, "then every two or three nights, move back by a two-hour limit. "for example, move it to 2:00, then 4:00, then 6:00. "If you pull breastfeeding," he said, "Your child will be hungry, but you need to distinguish between physical needs and the needs of habit."

4. Sign by crying, not based on the clock.

Most sleep training books go into your child's advocate at timed intervals, such as every five minutes, then gradually extend the interval. Cochran and Diamond said to ignore the clock and focus on the screams. "On the first night, the first cry, included in the first five minutes, so you know your baby to hear it," said Cochran. After that, and forever, get in somewhere between 5-25 minutes, right at the peak of the baby cries. Before you open the door to the baby's room, listening to the quality of the cry-if it deescalating or start and stop, start your baby to self-soothe. Do not enter unless cry start working again.

5. Do not stay too long.

The ideal length of time between two seconds and one minute. Never stay longer than one minute.

6. Eliminate dot.

Sometimes between four and six months, the physical needs to suck lost. If your baby is older than that and still uses a pacifier, the challenge is getting to the point where she does not need you to help. "If he can find a dot and put it into his own mouth, I'm fine with it," Cochran said, "But it's not okay for you to have to come at night to put it in for him." Start working on putting it in his hands to himself and not in his mouth. And have a plan for phasing out completely. They do not recommend doing it at the same time as the rest of sleep training, though! One thing at a time.


7. Do not expect to soothe baby.

When the parents came into the room, they often expect that their children will be soothing, Diamond said. But it is important to have realistic expectations. Not only will you probably do not make your baby stop crying, but crying is likely to boost, not reduce, because you refuse to do what you want it baby, namely to pick him or feed him. The entry point is to say "I understand you're upset, but I know you're fine. There's nothing wrong. It's not that I do not hear you. But I know you can do this and I'm here to support you. "parents often say," It does not help-I made it worse by going in. "What they need to understand is that it would not be intended to calm the baby, just to reassure him.

8. Know nothing tough love is needed.

Although the book sleep often warn parents not to talk with their children or make eye contact, Cochran and Diamond disagree. "You can see them, talk to them, tell them you love them," said Diamond, "Eye contact is fine. PATS is fine. Some children do not like to be touched or talked to, so know your child tempermentally" , but if you think it will help, do not hesitate to do so, as long as you do not pick it up. Like to go in the room, you can gradually this visit every time feels good to you, Cochran says.

9. Set the clear boundaries and stick to it.

When a baby cries, he is your signal. There is a contest going on. Your baby said, "I will cry to make you do what you want to do," said Diamond. And when you start sleep training, you change all the rules. That is why it is important to keep what you do consistently, so he knows what to expect. "Pick him sometimes but not others, or rocking him to sleep when you run out of your mind, but not at other times, it is not fair to him and it really made things tough on him," said Diamond. Once he knows, "Okay, I can get you to visit me, but I will not shake or treated for sleep," he can learn how to calm himself.

How to Get a Breastfed Baby to Sleep Through the Night

Breast milk is more easily digested than formula, which makes baby breastfeeding breastfeeding wanting more than formula-fed infants. More often mean overall breastfeeding breastfeeding over night, which means the baby is breastfed often take longer to sleep through the night than infants who drink formula, according to Jodi Mindell, an expert on child sleep. Because breastfed babies need eight to 12 times every 24 hours during the first weeks of life, they do not have to sleep through the night at this age, explains La Leche League International. You can help your baby sleep through the night until he was great to set up during the day and evening routines.

Get a Breastfed Baby to Sleep Through the Night # Step 1

Keeping active and stimulate your baby throughout the day and evening, recommend KidsHealth.org. While babies need a nap, keep your child active can ensure a quiet nap and help prepare him to sleep at bedtime.

Get a Breastfed Baby to Sleep Through the Night # Step 2

Breastfeeding your baby before bed, but it is involved in different activities just before he fell asleep. Breastfeeding your baby to sleep can cause him to rely on nursing to sleep. Change her diaper or rock while singing before putting him to bed.

Get a Breastfed Baby to Sleep Through the Night # Step 3

Put your baby to bed at a certain time every night. Help your baby develop healthy sleep pattern is a good way to encourage him to sleep at night.

Get a Breastfed Baby to Sleep Through the Night # Step 4

Slide your finger to the side of your baby's mouth between the cheek and gum and turn a quarter turn your finger gently to break the suction. This can help you ensure your baby attached to your breast properly and getting enough milk when he drank. If he is not getting enough milk, he may wake up during the night of hunger.


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